Shipping and Port management which plays a crucial role in international trade and commerce, falls in the department of logistics. As almost 90% of world’s overall trade is done through sea route, these ports need to be managed well. When trade across countries flourished, movement of freight by means of ships was considered the most cost effective means of transport. This increased the need of professionals in this area to manage port activities. Port Management is a mishmash of transportation, materials and goods handling and storage, ship operations and safety and health management.
Ports usually deal with a number of disparate activities like the movement, loading and unloading of ships, containers, and other cargo; customs activities as well as human resources. Port management is a necessary position required to keep ports organized, supervised, and functioning. Managing ports is a combination of material handling, road transport, storage, safe ship operations, health and safety. In other words, Port management include overseeing all commercial and technical components of the shipping industry. Duties in port management may also include cooperating with other ports, coordinating deliveries with ships, overseeing port development, advertising and promoting the port, and enforcing security and environmental protection initiatives.
Educational requirement for this career is post graduation i.e Post graduate Diploma or MBA in shipping and port management. Only those students who are graduates with good marks in science/technology/engineering /management can go for a course in port management. Some institutes allow any degree holders with at least 50% marks provided they qualify the entry level examination. At present the course is available in only a few institutes in India.
With increasing importance of international trade, the need for skilled individuals to manage ports has increased. Services of shipping and port management professionals are required by both government agencies and private sectors.
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